Heavy alcohol use
There are several ways to diagnose Hypo pharyngeal Cancer
The doctor checks for swollen lymph nodes and may look down the patient’s throat with a long handled mirror called laryngoscope.
Inserted into the nose or mouth of the patient, this a thin, lighted tube that allows the doctor to see farther down the throat, into the esophagus or into the trachea.
This is a small tissue sample that can be acquired during an endoscopy, esophagoscopy, or bronchoscopy. The tissue is analyzed for the presences of cancer cells.
Except for very early stage cancers of this region, treatment has primarily been surgery.
The advanced-stage hypo pharyngeal cancer requires single-modality therapy along with either surgery or radiation therapy. Patients with stage III or stage IV disease are usually suggested combined-modality treatment.
When used in combination with surgery, radiation therapy is usually administered postoperative.
Combined chemotherapy and radiation therapy is known for providing effective tumor control with organ preservation as opposed to radiation therapy alone Neoadjuvant chemotherapy and radiation therapy is recommended for patients with stage III and advanced resectable stage IV cancer.